Oily / Acne Prone Skin

How to recognise oily to combination skin:

 

Oily skin generally has a thicker texture, dilated pores and a dull, greasy and shiny appearance. This is due to excess sebum, which promotes the appearance of skin blemishes such as "blackheads" and "red pimples", especially located on the face's T-zone (forehead, nose, chin).

 

Two main factors play a role in oily to combination skin:

  • Hyperseborrhoea: The over production of sebum results from hormonal activity triggered during puberty. The skin becomes oily and shiny. Not only is sebum produced excessively, but also its quality changes: it becomes thicker and tends to clog the pores.
  • Hyperkeratinisation: the excessive multiplication of skin cells clogs the skin and keeps sebum from evacuating. Comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) appear.

Tips and recommendations

  • Make sure you cleanse, moisturise and maintain your skin with high tolerance skincare products: soap-free, fragrance-free and preservative-free.
  • Exfoliate once a week to get rid of dead cells and help your treatment moisturiser do a better job.
  • Watch out for the sun! It may dry out your spots and hide your blemishes through tanning... But it will amplify your blemishes later by increasing the thickness of your skin, which promotes the retention of cells and sebum in the pilo-sebaceous follicle. This blockage inevitably causes the skin to flare up as soon as your tan fades away. To avoid unpleasant surprises when returning from holidays, choose non-greasy high protection sunscreen.

 

How to recognise skin prone to acne:

 

Acne skin can come with more blemishes and larger lesions.

Another factor comes into action:a bacterium called P.acnes multiplies in the pilo-sebaceous follicle and causes inflammation. The comedone then turn into a painful red pimple.

 

When acne is more severe, risks of scarring can be foreseen. It may be necessary to visit a dermatologist and undergo medical treatment.

Local or oral dermatological treatments often come with side effects, one of them being a temporary very dry skin. It is then very important to look at complementary skincare tailored to combination or oily skin in order to moisturise your skin and lips.

 

Tips and recommendations

  • Seek professional advice. A dermatologist may prescribe you a customised treatment program. Talk to your pharmacist, she/he may recommend you a customised skincare program.
  • Take your daily treatment as prescribed. The first few days you might feel that the symptoms get worse or see no improvement. It will take a couple of weeks for the treatment to kick in.
  • Skin is generally a mirror of what we eat: follow a healthy diet and your skin should also thank you for it.
  • Stay away from too much make-up. Heavy foundation can block the pores and trigger more inflammation. Opt for oil-free textures and products adapted to your skin type.
  • Avoid too much sun exposure: the sun and acne don’t mix. In summer, the sun often improves the skin’s appearance: pimples will disappear. However when you are no longer exposed to the sun and stop tanning, the skin becomes thinner, blemishes will reappear: that’s what is called the rebound effect.
  • Do not touch your pimples: they will become more infected and you will increase the risk of developing scars that are hard to get rid of.

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