Your Skin

Your skin is the largest organ of your body and is made up of several different components, including water, protein, lipids, and different minerals and chemicals. Its job is crucial: to protect you from infections and other environmental aggressions. The skin also contains nerves that sense cold, heat, pain, pressure, and touch.

Throughout your life, your skin will change constantly, for better or worse. In fact, your skin will renew itself approximately once a month. Proper skin care is essential to maintaining the health and vitality of this protective organ.


Skin Composition

The skin is made up of layers. It consists of a thin outer layer (epidermis), a thicker middle layer (dermis), and the inner layer (subcutaneous tissue or hypodermis).


  • Epidermis (The Outer Layer of the Skin): The epidermis is responsible for the look and health of the skin and it holds a large amount of water. The younger the body, the more water there is in the skin. The capacity of the skin to retain water decreases with age, making the skin more vulnerable to dehydration.
  • Dermis (The Middle Layer of the Skin): The dermis also contains blood and lymph vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands, and the sebaceous glands, which produce oil. Nerves in the dermis sense touch and pain.
  • Hypodermis (The Fatty Layer of the Skin): The subcutaneous tissue, or hypodermis, is mostly made up of fat. It lies between the dermis and muscles or bones and contains blood vessels that expand and contract to help keep your body at a constant temperature. The hypodermis also protects your vital inner organs. Reduction of tissue in this layer is what causes your skin to sag.

Your Skin There are no products in this category.


  • Sensitive / Intolerant


    How to recognise sensitive skin:

    Sensitive and intolerant skin reacts more than normal skin; it is hyper-reactive. It feels tingling, heating, stinging and even sometimes itching.

    Sometimes combined with redness, these sensations of discomfort are exaggerated in reaction to various kinds of stimuli that normally do not trigger irritation. They may be physical (UV radiation, hot or cold weather, wind, etc.), chemical (cosmetics, soaps, water, pollution, etc.), psychological (stress, emotions, etc.) or hormonal (menstrual cycle, etc.).


    Tips and recommendations

    • Opt for high tolerance skincare products: fragrance-free, preservative-free, and surfactant-free.
    • Apply a soothing mask once a week to deeply soothe and moisturise your skin.
    • Avoid too much sun exposure.


    How to recognise skin prone to Rosacea:

    Mostly common in women with fair, fragile and fine skin. These skin symptoms are caused by an abnormality in the face's venous system which no longer works normally. This causes heating sensations together with temporary redness. This phenomenon may gradually worsen and give way to permanent redness and small visible vessels and capillaries.

    Aggravating factors include sudden temperature changes (cold - hot) as well as alcohol and hot or spicy foods.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Visit a dermatologist
    • To cleanse your face morning and evening, choose non-rinse lotions over foaming gel textures that require rinsing. Harsh tap water may increase your skin sensitivity and redness.
    • Once or twice a day, apply a high-tolerance moisturiser containing active ingredients that will help reduce redness and relieve sensations of heat. Favour fragrance-free, preservative-free, and surfactant-free options.
    • Sun exposure can aggravate redness and overheating feelings. Avoid too much sun exposure and always use a sun care with a high protection factor (SPF50+).
    • Avoid hot and spicy foods, alcohol and sudden temperature variations.

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  • Dry to Very Dry Skin


    How to recognise dry to very dry skin:


    Dry skin often comes with feelings of stinging, tightness, itching and burning sensations.

    Symptoms such as dull skin, scaly skin, dry patches, cracks and sometimes redness can be experienced.


    There are several types of dryness:

    • Temporary or permanent dryness caused by external agents: weather conditions (dry cold, wind, sudden climate changes), cosmetics (washing too often with detergent cleansing products, aggressive or drying cosmetics).
    • Dryness caused by medicine used locally (acne or anti-ageing treatment) or orally (acne, anti-cholesterol treatment, etc.).
    • Permanent dryness related to natural cutaneous ageing or hormonal factors (menopause). The skin becomes dull and rough. The epidermis becomes thinner due to decreased cell renewal and the corneal layer thickens.
    • Constitutional dryness (or genetic predisposition) causing different types of skin dryness that may or may not be reversible and require tailored solutions.

    If the epidermis does not properly perform its barrier role function, the skin becomes drier. Many factors come into play to determine the skin's moisture level such as epidermal lipids, which play a significant role in terms of water retention.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Drink sufficient amount of water (1.5 litres unless recommended by your physician otherwise).
    • Choose gentle cleansing and hydrating products in the form of milks, creams, balms, ointments and oils.
    • Limit your shower to 5 minutes and avoid hot water that can increase drying effects.
    • After the shower, apply a moisturiser within 2 to 3 minutes to relieve pulling sensations and protect your skin from external stress.


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  • Oily / Acne Prone Skin

    How to recognise oily to combination skin:


    Oily skin generally has a thicker texture, dilated pores and a dull, greasy and shiny appearance. This is due to excess sebum, which promotes the appearance of skin blemishes such as "blackheads" and "red pimples", especially located on the face's T-zone (forehead, nose, chin).


    Two main factors play a role in oily to combination skin:

    • Hyperseborrhoea: The over production of sebum results from hormonal activity triggered during puberty. The skin becomes oily and shiny. Not only is sebum produced excessively, but also its quality changes: it becomes thicker and tends to clog the pores.
    • Hyperkeratinisation: the excessive multiplication of skin cells clogs the skin and keeps sebum from evacuating. Comedones (blackheads and whiteheads) appear.

    Tips and recommendations

    • Make sure you cleanse, moisturise and maintain your skin with high tolerance skincare products: soap-free, fragrance-free and preservative-free.
    • Exfoliate once a week to get rid of dead cells and help your treatment moisturiser do a better job.
    • Watch out for the sun! It may dry out your spots and hide your blemishes through tanning... But it will amplify your blemishes later by increasing the thickness of your skin, which promotes the retention of cells and sebum in the pilo-sebaceous follicle. This blockage inevitably causes the skin to flare up as soon as your tan fades away. To avoid unpleasant surprises when returning from holidays, choose non-greasy high protection sunscreen.


    How to recognise skin prone to acne:


    Acne skin can come with more blemishes and larger lesions.

    Another factor comes into action:a bacterium called P.acnes multiplies in the pilo-sebaceous follicle and causes inflammation. The comedone then turn into a painful red pimple.


    When acne is more severe, risks of scarring can be foreseen. It may be necessary to visit a dermatologist and undergo medical treatment.

    Local or oral dermatological treatments often come with side effects, one of them being a temporary very dry skin. It is then very important to look at complementary skincare tailored to combination or oily skin in order to moisturise your skin and lips.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Seek professional advice. A dermatologist may prescribe you a customised treatment program. Talk to your pharmacist, she/he may recommend you a customised skincare program.
    • Take your daily treatment as prescribed. The first few days you might feel that the symptoms get worse or see no improvement. It will take a couple of weeks for the treatment to kick in.
    • Skin is generally a mirror of what we eat: follow a healthy diet and your skin should also thank you for it.
    • Stay away from too much make-up. Heavy foundation can block the pores and trigger more inflammation. Opt for oil-free textures and products adapted to your skin type.
    • Avoid too much sun exposure: the sun and acne don’t mix. In summer, the sun often improves the skin’s appearance: pimples will disappear. However when you are no longer exposed to the sun and stop tanning, the skin becomes thinner, blemishes will reappear: that’s what is called the rebound effect.
    • Do not touch your pimples: they will become more infected and you will increase the risk of developing scars that are hard to get rid of.

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  • Skin Prone to Atopy


    How to recognise skin prone to atopy:


    Atopic skin is a chronic skin condition that progresses in successive stages of flare-ups and remission periods. Scaly skin, redness, inflammation and oozing can be seen. Itching and sleep disturbance can also be experienced.

    In newborns, symptoms are mainly found on the face, on the cheeks and chin. As the child get older, lesions can be found in skin folds, behind the knees, around the elbows, wrists and hands.


    Extremely dry skin suffers from a shortage of lipids. This abnormality causes the water in the body on the skin's surface to evaporate excessively. The skin no longer fulfils its barrier function and no longer protects the body against external stress. Being hyper-permeable, the skin easily lets molecules from the environment penetrate the skin. These include allergens that can cause inflammation and sometimes itching. The resulting urge to scratch causes lesions, which increase breaks in the skin. The skin becomes even more permeable to allergens; a vicious circle sets in.


    Three main types of environmental allergens responsible for acute inflammatory reactions have been identified:

    • Airborne allergens: mites, house dust, pollen, cat and dog hair, feathers, mould, etc.
    • Food allergens,
    • Contact allergens: nickel, fragrances, etc.

    Another significant factor for maintenance of the condition is the presence of a pathogenic bacterium, staphylococcus aureus, on atopic skin. It adheres to atopic skin, even outside of eczema flare-ups, thus maintaining chronic inflammation at the very least.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Visit a dermatologist.
    • Avoid allergens likely to create more inflammatory reactions  (mites, pollen, animal hair, etc.).
    • Choose cotton clothing when possible.
    • Maintain a low temperature in the room.
    • Use gentle high tolerance cleansers. Favour liquid syndets (soap-free cleansers) or lipids enriched bars to nourish gently and deeply the skin.
    • Limit your shower to 5 minutes and avoid hot water that can increase drying effects. Follow by applying a moisturiser to promote the reconstruction of the skin barrier to make it more comfortable.
    • While experiencing flare-ups, use an adapted emollient to relieve itching sensations and reduce inflammatory lesions.


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  • Dry Dehydrated Skin

    How to recognise dehydrated skin:


    Every day pollution, stress, cold weather, etc., disrupts the skin's cellular activity. It no longer knows how to deeply generate or retain the water it needs for its natural balance on the surface. The skin becomes dehydrated, uncomfortable, more sensitive and loses its radiance.

    It therefore becomes more fragile and reactive.


    There are many causes, including environmental factors (pollution, air-conditioning) and weather conditions (wind, temperature changes, sun). A psychological shock, or hormonal imbalance can also cause dehydration, so can the natural ageing process.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Hydrate your skin from the inside: drink 1.5 litre of water a day (unless recommended by your physician otherwise).
    • Maintain a low temperature in the room.
    • Use adapted skincare products for dehydrated skin enriched with hydrating properties to help restructure the skin barrier.


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  • Ageing Skin

    How to recognise mature skin:


    Mature skin tends to be thinner, drier and more fragile. It looses in elasticity and firmness and sometimes radiance. Visible lines can appear.


    The skin ages just like any other organ following a genetically programmed ageing process: this is called chronological ageing. This ageing is also influenced by our lifestyle, our diet, the toxins we are exposed to and stress.
    The skin is particularly vulnerable to external agents. It acts as a wall between the body and the surrounding environment, which is made up of aggressive agents such as UV rays and free radicals.


    From a biological standpoint, stress affects skin ageing just like it affects the rest of the body. This means that stress uses up a lot of energy and produces many free radicals. On the face it mostly causes muscle tension and therefore constant skin tension and ageing due to tightness.


    Other factors such as lack of sleep or poor-quality sleep reduce the body's ability to regenerate and defend itself.


    Smoking is another main factor in ageing, due to its direct toxicity and its indirect toxicity through its vascular action. It damages the skin's elastic fibres and increases the production of free radicals.

    An imbalanced diet does not give the body the tools it needs for tissue defence and regeneration.

    Last but not least, sun is also a false enemy when we talk about skin ageing.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Protect your skin from the sun by limiting exposure and using sun protection at all time.
    • Adopt a healthy and balanced diet.
    • Drink enough water to stay hydrated.
    • Choose skincare products that have anti-oxidant and moisturising properties.


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  • Dark spots / Uneven tone

    How to recognise hyperpigmented skin:


    Fair, fragile skin and population exposed to the sun seem to be more prone to hyperpigmentation and dark spots. Skin complexion can be uneven.


    The sun and ageing are the main causes of pigmentation marks such as "solar lentigo" and "senile lentigo".

    Hormonal changes caused by pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives can also lead to hyperpigmentation (chloasma).

    Phototoxic substances (exposure to the sun, certain plant species, fragrances and medicines) can cause brown spots to appear further to a photosensitisation reaction.
    Furthermore, damaged or scarred skin (after-effects of burns, sunburns, healing of inflammatory lesions and particularly acne lesions) develops pigmentation marks more easily.


    Pigmentation is the result of a complex 4-stage process:

    1. Ultraviolet rays and "biological mediators" (substances found in the skin's cells) stimulate the pigmentation process and therefore the melanin-producing function of cells called "melanocytes".
    2. Melanin is produced by melanocytes.
    3. The melanin produced is distributed through the two layers of the epidermis.
    4. It then migrates to the skin's surface through the ongoing renewal of the skin cells.


    Tips and recommendations

    • Protect your skin from the sun by limiting exposure and using sun protection at all time.
    • Use adapted skincare products.
    • Visit a dermatologist.
  • Sun Protection


    Why do you need protection from the sun?


    The sun emits a set of light rays made up of various elements. Filtered by the atmosphere, two-thirds of this radiation reaches the Earth. Of the rays that make their way to us, only UVA, UVB, visible and infrared rays influence the body.


    These rays have beneficial effects: UVB rays promote the synthesis of vitamin D, essential for binding calcium to the bones, visible light has an anti-depressive effect and infrared rays have heating action that increases the skin temperature (an alarm signal to avoid sunburns).


    However, in the event of excessive sun exposure, UVA and UVB rays can be particularly harmful. Over the short term, they can cause sunburns and trigger photosensitisation reactions (pathological skin symptoms related to the interaction of an exterior agent and the sun in the skin). Over longer periods, UVA and UVB rays are responsible for cutaneous ageing and most importantly the onset of skin cancers.

    Tips and recommendations

    • For protection, generously apply an appropriate sunscreen guaranteeing safety and tolerance with a high protection factor (SPF 50+) and anti-UVA protection.
    • If your skin is very sensitive, choose products containing only mineral sun filters, which minimise risks of intolerance related to the use of chemical filters.
    • Re-apply at least every two hours and after swimming or rubbing.
    • Avoid exposure between 11 am and 3 pm.
    • Don't forget essential protective clothing (tee-shirt, sunglasses, hat etc.).
    • As much as possible, opt for sunscreens adapted to your skin type (ie. if your skin is oily, choose an oil-free non greasy fluid texture; etc.).


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    Unfortunately, the sun care range is not yet available on the Australian market. 

  • Problem skin

    How to recognise damaged skin


    On a daily basis, skin is challenged and up against aggressions of different sorts. Being prone to contacts and frictions, it can easily become stressed and damaged.


    Everyday tasks (like washing dishes and frequent hand washing), aggressive chemicals (cement, detergents), repeated friction (textile chafing, pool) or contact with certain types of materials (metal from jewellery, latex etc.) can caused irritations and frictions. This is known as contact dermatitis.

    Babies are often concerned being prone to nappy rashes and irritations, chafing from nappies, etc.

    Contact dermatitis can be very hard to treat, particularly when the cause of the irritation cannot be isolated.


    Damaged skin can also be linked to medical treatments that temporarily dry out the skin (ie. acne treatment, chemotherapies, etc.).


    Tips and recommendations:

    • Avoid excess hand washing.
    • Apply a barrier cream as often as needed to isolate the irritated area.


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    How to recognize irritated skin


    Babies and children are frequently prone to irritations. Their fragile skin is thinner and can easily let irritants penetrate leading to inflammatory reactions such as flare ups, eczema patches in folds of the skin, peri-oral irritations on the corner of the mouth, etc.


    Another common problem is nappy rashes. Frictions from the nappies, over-aggressive cleansing, diarrhoea, a change in diet, an infectious episode and teething can cause the irritations.
    Most cases of nappy rash correspond to an irritative dermatitis triggered by the occlusive effect of nappies, aggravated by contact with stools and urine and potentially infected with bacteria.


    Tips and recommendations:

    • Use gentle high tolerance skincare products: favour soap-free and fragrance-free products that minimise the risks of skin reaction.
    • If eczema patches and irritations appear, use products with soothing and purifying actions.
    • If your child experiences nappy rashes, change their diaper frequently. Clean the skin after each nappy change using a mild, soap-free hygiene. Gently dry, particularly the folds of the skin. After each nappy change, apply a water paste with antibacterial action, which will soothe, insulate and rebuild the skin.
    • See a doctor.


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    How to recognize flaky skin


    In adults, flaky skin is often called Seborrheic Dermatitis.  In infants younger than three months, it is called cradle caps.


    The skin and scalp becomes scaly, flaky, itchy and often comes with rednesses.

    Most of the time symptoms occur on the face, on the forehand, behind the ears, on the sides of the nose and folds of the skin.

    In more severe cases, scaly pimples appear along the hairline, around the nose and eyebrows and the chest and upper back.


    Flaky skin is often caused by an inflammatory reaction due to the proliferation of a fungus called Malassezia.


    Tips and recommendations:

    • Use gentle high tolerance skincare products: favour soap-free and fragrance-free products that minimise the risks of skin reaction.
    • Exposition to the sun may also curb the growth of the fungus and reduce inflammation.
    • Visit a dermatologist.


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    How to recognize thickened skin


    To form a real barrier against attacks from the environment, the epidermis is in permanent and imperceptible state of renewal. Every 28 days, a natural process of desquamation happens also called skin peeling. Dead cells leave space for new cells.


    Age can be a reason of a slower desquamation. Skin becomes drier, dull, scales and calluses can be experienced.


    In pathologic desquamation, also called hyperkeratosis, the skin becomes thicker. Roughness and scales appear. Instead of detaching as single cells, corneocytes are shed in clusters, forming visible white silvery scales. Plaques frequently appear on the elbows and knees but can appear in any area.

    Contrary to eczema, psoriasis is more likely to be found on the outer side of the join.


    Tips and recommendations:

    • Visit a dermatologist.
    • Use gentle high tolerance products: fragrance-free, preservative-free and surfactant-free.
    • Use products with soothing, purifying and keratolytic actions that will help gently remove the excess dead cells.


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